Hypertension or high blood pressure is capable of affecting and damaging several parts and organs of your body, even before you experience symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can destroy a lot of your organs and disrupt their functioning. Here are the various effects and health complications that come with high blood pressure:
High blood pressure causes the pressure of blood that flows through your arteries to increase. The cells present in the lining of your arteries can get damaged because of high blood pressure. Fats coming from the food you consume enter your bloodstream and accumulate in your damaged arteries. This makes your artery walls less elastic and limits blood flow all over your body. The constant pressure of blood moving along a weak artery can lead to the formation of a bulge due to the enlargement of its wall known as aneurysm.
High blood pressure affects your heart in several ways.
• Coronary artery disease
This disease affects the arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle. Being narrowed down because of this condition, your arteries do not allow the smooth and the free flow of blood. This may cause a heart attack, chest pain, or arrhtymias.
• Enlarged left heart
High blood pressure makes your heart work harder than it usually has to, for pumping blood to the different parts of your body. This may cause the heart’s left ventricle to become thick or stiffen. This condition is known as left ventricular hypertrophy.
• Heart failure
The strain on your heart that is caused due to high blood pressure over time can lead to the weakening of the heart muscle, and make its functioning improper. This may make your heart wear out and ultimately stop functioning.
Similar to the heart, your brain also gets affected because of high blood pressure in several ways.
• Transient ischemic attack
TIA or transient ischemic attack, or a mini stroke occurs when there is a temporary disruption of sufficient supply of blood to the brain. It is commonly caused because of a blood clot or atherosclerosis, which develops from hypertension.
A stroke is experienced when a part of the brain is totally deprived of nutrients and oxygen, which leads to the death of brain cells. High blood pressure can cause a stroke by weakening the blood vessels present in your brain. They become narrow, and may rupture. Blood clot formation also results from high blood pressure that blocks blood flow to your brain, and causes a stroke.
Dementia is a brain health condition which causes issues with your thinking, reasoning, speaking, movement, vision, and memory. Among the various causes of dementia, vascular dementia occurs because of the blockage of arteries supplying blood to your brain.
High blood pressure damages the blood vessels that go in, and come out from your kidneys. This may result in several forms of kidney diseases. Kidney failure commonly develops from high blood pressure. Damage to the arteries causes disruption in the kidney’s functioning to filter waste from the blood. This causes high levels of waste and fluid to accumulate. Kidney scarring is also likely to be experienced because of high blood pressure.
It is recommended for you to get your blood pressure checked regularly from the Best hospitals in Ranchi, in order to prevent hypertension, and keep away from several health complications.